Friday, October 16

HOSPITAL FIRE MANAGEMENT: 2020

A complete disaster plan needs to be prepared for fire management in the hospital
It is activated when the hospital buildings are affected in fire disaster. Action plan should clearly mention:
  •  Alternate site (dharmashala,Temple,Schools,Playground nearby)
  •  Stoking of Folding tents, cots, trolleys for temporary shelters
  •  Identify a nearby tent house to provide beds, blankets in need 
  •  Transport for transportation of cases to alternate sites or hospital
  •  First aid and drug kits, portable lights.
  •  Portable communication system.
  •  Identify local voluntary organization, who can provide services of care, food and water.
There are basically two types of fire management systems.
  1. Central
  2. Local
Central system comprises of Water tank, water hydrants, connecting pipes water sprinklers, smoke detectors and fire alarms.
  • The local system comprises of fire extinguishers, and fire fighting equipments
  • The staff is regularly trained to use these equipments.
  • Fire protection should be incorporated in the building plan it self
  • The “National Building Code of India”, 1980, issued by the Indian Standards Institution, serves as excellent references to safety management for infrastructures.
There should be standard procedure for detection, communication and evacuation in case of fire. The presentation provides an outline about the fire control management and how to act in case of a fire disaster.


Regards
 
 
Hospital Administration Made Easy
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DISASTER MANAGEMENT: 2020

W.Nick carter defined disaster as:
“An Event, Natural / Manmade, Sudden/ Progressive, which impacts with such a severity, that the community has to respond taking exceptional measures.”   
It can also be called as a phenomenon involving extensive ecological disruption leading risk to life, property and health to an extent warranting extra ordinary response from outside the affected area.
When a Disaster takes place it is the expectation of the public that the public authority should immediately respond with adequate support and rescue measures.
This required disaster preparedness based on a scientific, feasible and effective disaster action plan and regular practices.
To make it more effective it requires capacity building of local people to face such a situation boldly with locally available resources till the outside help reaches them.
Tackling a disaster is not only the responsibility of the Public authority, the local people equally should join hands to meet the challenge with a team effort.
The presentation provides a birds eye view of the type of disasters, how to get prepare and manage the effects of disaster, at the site and at the hospital. It also describes the actions to be taken post disaster.
Hope this will guide the administrators to prepare a good disaster plan and effectively deal with such a situation.


Regards
 
 
Hospital Administration Made Easy
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HEALTH CARE ASSOCIATED INFECTION : 2020

Healthcare-associated infections are infections that patients acquire during the course of receiving healthcare treatment for other conditions Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are infections caused by a wide variety of common and unusual bacteria, fungi, and viruses during the course of receiving medical care.
Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. An estimated 6 million healthcare-associated infections occur each year across the United States, Europe and Japan alone.* The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates there are 1.7 million infections resulting in approximately 99,000 deaths annually in the United States, making healthcare-associated infections the fourth leading cause of death

Globally HAI continues as major problem.
Approximately 1 out of every 20 hospitalized patients will contract an HAI.(CDC)
Antibiotic resistant organisms  are growing day by day.
  • USA: Up to 2 million healthcare-associated infections per year, of which 80,000 are lethal or may contribute to death (3)  
  • Europe: 5 million HAI per year, of which 50,000 (1%) are lethal and contribute to death in 135,000 cases (2.7%) (4)  
  • Japan: Resistance Isolation Rate of MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus): 40-80%  
  • India: An estimated 10 to 30% of patients admitted to hospitals and nursing homes acquire a nosocomial infection (5)  
  • Up to 70% of organisms causing HAI are resistant to at least one antibiotic (6) (www.biomerieux-diagnostics.com/upload/HAI_KeyFigures.pdf)
In view of above Hospital infection control stands as a major challenge to the Hospital Administrator’
The presentation describes in brief, what is healthcare  associated infection, how it spreads, and how to control it for present and prevent it in future.


 


Regards 
 
Hospital Administration Made Easy
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Wednesday, October 7

IN PATIENT SERVICES AND WARD DESIGNING: 2020


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MEDICAL AUDIT: 2020

Audit is a systematic and critical appraisal of the planning, delivery and evaluation of service/s in terms of efficiency, effectiveness and quality, within given resources.

It is an important component of Quality Assurance system of any organisation or service. Clinical Audit is a quality improvement process that seeks to improve patient care and outcomes through systematic review of care of health care team against explicit criteria and the implementation of change. 

"Medical Audit" is a component of clinical audit and a planned  review programme which objectively monitors and evaluates the clinical performance of all practitioners, by review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel to identify, examine, or verify the performance using established criteria.

There by identifies opportunities for improvement, and suggests mechanism through which action is taken to make and sustain those improvements. The systematic critical analysis of the quality of medical care, including the procedures used for diagnosis and treatment, the use of resources and the resulting outcome and quality of life for the patient. The presentation gives an idea of different types of clinical audit and hoe to perform such type of audits to sustain the quality of performance



Regards
 
 
Hospital Administration Made Easy
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Tuesday, October 6

Antibiotic Policy: 2020

Regards 

 

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HOSPITAL PHARMACY: 2020


Pharmacy is an important supportive component of hospital services. Each hospital has a pharmacy unit to provide drugs to in-patients, outpatient and in emergency.

Pharmacies are premises licensed for retail sale or supply to the hospital, which have qualified licensed persons and indulged in compounding of drugs.

Pharmacy can only be opened under pharmacy act 1948, amended from time to time. It needs a License from Drug controller to open a pharmacy.

The pharmacy is responsible for providing safe medication to the patient by technically qualified trained pharmacists.

Hospitals can have their own pharmacy or run through a contract in the hospital premises. Planning of the pharmacy starts with the planning of different hospital services.

The following presentation discusses the important aspects of planning and organization of pharmacy in the hospital.


Regards 

 

Hospital Administration Made Easy

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Quality Control In Lab: 2020

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BLOOD TRANSFUSION SERVICES : 2020


Blood has been classified as a drug like any other drug. As a drug blood is more dangerous than narcotic drugs as it is transfuse directly in to circulation.
Though blood saves life of a person in need it can take the life instantly, if it does not match with the blood type of the patient. Therefore blood has to be safe, free from all infections and compatible to recipient blood .

  • Blood is the life line of all living organism.
  • Once the blood flow  is stopped  the organism is dead.
  • Blood is a product not available to purchase from market.
  • One individual has to donate blood for others need.
  • Collection of blood from one individual and putting in to
  •  the body of other is called transfusion.
  • Blood needs to be collected and safely stored to be used in emergency.
  • The collection , storage, distribution needs to be done in a safe environment.
  • That’s why the blood transfusion service is so important

Therefore it needs a well organised blood transfusion service. The objective of this service is to provide “Safe Blood’ to the patient in need. It needs careful planning, organizing keeping in mind the safety and quality of blood.

This service is available to them who has a valid lisence from State Drug Controller. The ‘Blood Transfusion Services’ has been presented in two parts:-

  1. Planning and Organization of services
  2. Quality and Risk management. 

 

Regards 

 

Hospital Administration Made Easy

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PLANNING AND ORGANISATION OF IMAGING SERVICES: 2020

Several accidental coincidences lead to the discovery of X- rays by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen in the year 1895. Since then a long-long way has been covered in this field. No medical science has seen such rapid change as Radiology, especially in the past few decades.

At the same time, No medical science has met the challenge as Radiology to move forward in an era of rapid change in medical technology. Because of these rapid changes in the field of imaging, the Radiology department has got the new name of Imaging department. With rapid change in investigation technology, there is a continuous changing demand in the field of radio diagnosis and imaging service.
Resulting in an advanced, and  detailed systematic planning and organizing.

The major components of Radiology/ Imaging services are:-

  1. X- ray Machines
  2. Ultrasound Machine
  3. Doppler Machine
  4. Computer assisted Tomography (CAT Scan)
  5. Magnetic Resonance Imaging  (MRI)
  6. Position Emission Tomography (PET)
  7. Mammography
  8. Nuclear Imaging System

To manage such large number of sophisticated machines whose rays/emissions are hazardous to humane population calls for a critical planning taking in to consideration the safety aspect of patient , public and the department staff.
The following presentation shows some important aspects of planning and organizing of Radiology department of a hospital.


Regards 

 

Hospital Administration Made Easy

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