Thursday, March 31

Entrance Examination Alert : All India Institute of Medical Sciences - MHA : : 31 March 2011

Dear Readers

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India has announced Entrance Examination for PG/Post Doctoral Courses for July 2011 Session. The course available under Hospital Administration is MHA (Masters in Hospital Administration)

You can apply online and offline as well. The prospectus and details of eligibilily criteria and no. of seats and application online is available on the website www.aiimsexams.org.

Also refer the AIIMS website (www.aiims.ac.in or www.aiims.edu)  for complete details or alternatly follow the link:ADMISSION NOTICE.

Date of Entrance Examination for MHA: 15 May 2011 at Delhi

Last Dates:
1. Online Registration of Application on www.aiimsexams.org : 15 April 2011
2. Off-line sale of Application Forms; By Post : 11 April 2011
                                                                By Hand : 15 April 2011
3. Last Date for applying On-line Application:  15 April 2011 (upto 5.00 p.m.)
4. Last date for receipt of completed Offline Applications at Examination Section, AIIMS 15.04.2011 (upto 5.00 p.m.)

All The Best for Your Career Move
Hospital Administration Made Easy

Wednesday, March 30

Out Patient Department (OPD) Services :: Hospiad

Out Patient Department (OPD) Services are one of the important aspect of Hospital Administration.

To recollect, we discussed the types of hospital services in topic ‘Hospital as a System’ earlier in the blog. Now we will discuss them one by one. We begin with the Primary and Essential services.

If you go back to the hospital system you will find the name of OPD services there in primary function. OPD services otherwise called as Ambulatory Care Services. It is a shop window for patients, like window-shopping in a super market where articles are laid down to chose and pick.

OPD is the mirror of the hospital, which reflects the functioning of the hospital being the first point of contact between the patient and the hospital staff.

Patients visit the OPD for various purposes, like consultation, day care treatment, investigation, referral, admission and post discharge follow up. Not only for treatment but also for preventing and promotive services like, health check up, Immunisation, Physio-therapy and so on.

The Ambulatory Care Services is gaining popularity and is in demand due to “Day Care Services” and patient need not stay at hospital.

This is helping both the patient and hospital as patient remains at house near the relatives and the hospital is benefited by less demand on hospital beds there by reducing cost on in patients. Therefore, providing the best OPD Services is one of the primary goal of Hospital Administrator. 
 
Knowing the importance of OPD services, let us know more about the OPD services in a simplified manner in this presentation on Organisation and Management of OPD Services below:



Entrance Exam for Admissions to Master of Hospital Administration and Master of Public Health at PGI Chandigarh : : 30 March 2011

Dear Readers,
Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research (PGI), Chandigarh, India,  announces Entrance Examination for Admissions to PG courses. Examination dates for addmissions to Hospital Administration and related coureses are as follows:

1. Master of Hospital Administration (MHA) on 15 June 2011
2. Master of Public Health (MPH) on 23 June 2011

For complete information visit the PGI Chandigarh website : http://pgimer.nic.in/ or go to the link: Admission Notice

Last date for receipt of application: 9 April 2011 (up to 2.00 pm)


Best Wishes for your career move
Hospital Administration Made Easy


Tuesday, March 29

Quiz 4: Changing Role of Hospital; Hospital Administration Made Easy: : 29 March 2011

Dear Readers, 

We have been disscussing various topics on Hospital Administration, Hospital Organisation and Planning and Health Management and its various aspects in detail at our posts at Hospital Administration Made Easy-blog (http://hospiad.blogspot.com). We have been taking Quizzes, QAs and open disscussions regularly.

Here is the next Quiz on the topic "Changing Role of Hospital" which has been discussed in detail earlier in the hospiad-blog.

So, take the quiz and find your score!




All The Best
Hospital Administration Made Easy

Saturday, March 26

Entrance Exam Alert : Christian Medical College, Vellore : Hospital Administration, Health Management, Health Economics, Policy & Financial Management

26 March 2011
Dear Readers,

The Entrance Examination Bulletin for Addimissions to 2011 session has been published by Christian Medical College, Vellore.

There are 4 courses available at Christian Medical College, Vellore in Hospital Administration and related field:
1. Fellowship in Hospital Administration (2 years)

Eligibility: MBBS or a Master’s degree in any discipline.

2. PG Diploma in Hospital Administration (1 year)

Eligibility: Bachelor's Degree in any discipline from a recognised University

3. PG Diploma in Health Management (1 year)

4. PG Diploma in Health Economics, Policy & Financial Management(1year)

Eligibilyty (3 & 4): Bachelor’s degree or a direct Master’s in any discipline from any recognised University.

Last Date For Submission of Applications: 2nd April 2011

Entrance Examination Date: 19 May 2011

Go to the link for complete details and informations regarding the courses and application procedure: BULLETIN FOR SUMMER ADMISSIONS 2011

If you are unable to open the link, copy and paste the website at the address bar: http://home.cmcvellore.ac.in
or http://home.cmcvellore.ac.in/admissions/SumAdd/pdf/Bulletin%202011.pdf

All The Best for your Career Move.
(Hospital Administration Made Easy Team)

Thursday, March 24

QUIZ 3 : Hospital Administration Made Easy : : 24 March 2011

Dear Readers,

We have been disscussing various topics on Hospital Administration, Hospital Organisation and Planning and its various aspects in detail at our posts at hospiad-blog (http://hospiad.blogspot.com) We have been taking Quizzes, QAs and open disscussions.

Now, take another simple Quiz on Hospital AS A System, which has been discussed in detail earlier in the hospiad-blog.
So, take the quiz and find your score!


Tuesday, March 22

Human Resource Development : : 22 March 2011

Human Resources Development (HRD) is a framework for the expansion of human capital within an organisation. Human Resources Development is a combination of Training and Education that ensures the continual improvement and growth of both the individual and the organisation. Adam Smith states, “The capacities of individuals depended on their access to education”. (Kelly, 2001).

video

The focus of all aspects of Human Resource Development is on developing the most superior workforce so that the organization and individual employees can accomplish their work goals in service to customers.

Human Resources Development is the medium that drives the process between training and learning. Human Resources Development is not a defined object, but a series of organized processes, “with a specific learning objective” (Nadler,1984) Human Resources Development is the structure that allows for individual development, potentially satisfying the organisation’s goals. The development of the individual will benefit both the individual and the organisation. The Human Resources Development framework views employees, as an asset to the enterprise whose value will be enhanced by development, “Its primary focus is on growth and employee development…it emphasises developing individual potential and skills” (Elwood, Holton and Trott 1996) Human Resources Development can be in-room group training, tertiary or vocational courses or mentoring and coaching by senior employees with the aim for a desired outcome that will develop the individual’s performance. An apprentice will step through the development process to become a tradesman in their field as will a white-collar trainee to become a professional in their field. Training will allow the individual to complete a task within their field today Gutteridge and Hutcheson maintain that, “Training provides, maintains and enhances skills to perform the job” (Nadler 1984)



Monday, March 21

QUIZ 2 : Hospital Administration Made Easy : : 21 March 2011

Dear Readers,

We have been disscussing various topics on Hospital Administration, Hospital Organisation and Planning and its various aspects in detail at our posts http://hospiad.blogspot.com/ We have been taking Quizzes, QAs and open disscussions.

Now, take another simple Quiz on Hospital Organisation and find your score!



Friday, March 18

EPIDEMIC QUIZ : : 18 March 2011

Dear Readers,

We discussed about Epidemiology and Epidemics in our privious posts and took a Quiz on Epidemiology, now let us take a simple Quiz on Epidemics to test ourselves.





Thursday, March 17

HEALTH CARE- ASSOCIATED INFECTION

Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAI or HCAI) are infections that patients acquire during the course of receiving healthcare treatment for other conditions. Healthcare-Associated Infections are infections caused by a wide variety of common and unusual bacteria, fungi, and viruses during the course of receiving medical care.

Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and it estimated that 6 million healthcare-associated infections occur each year across the Europe, United States and Japan alone. The exact worldwide estimate of Healthcare-Associated Infections are not available because of various constrains in gathering data yet it is clear that every year millions of patients are affected by Healthcare-Associated Infections (Burden of HCAI - WHO). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates there are 1.7 million infections resulting in approximately 99,000 deaths annually in the United States, making healthcare-associated infections the fourth leading cause of death. There is very less data available from developing countries where the HAIs are higher than that of developed countries. 
 
Globally HAI continues as major problem. Approximately 1 out of every 20 hospitalized patients will contract an HAI (CDC).

Antibiotic resistant organisms are growing day by day. Here are prevalence of HAI in USA, Europe, Japan and India (biomerieux) :

USA: Up to 2 million healthcare-associated infections per year, of which 80,000 are lethal or may contribute to death.
Europe: 5 million HAI per year, of which 50,000 (1%) are lethal and contribute to death in 135,000 cases (2.7%).
Japan: Resistance Isolation Rate of MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus): 40-80%
India: An estimated 10 to 30% of patients admitted to hospitals and nursing homes acquire a nosocomial infection.
Up to 70% of organisms causing HAI are resistant to at least one antibiotic.

India has joined hands to fight the spread of Health Care-Associated Infections. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, in association with the World Health Organization launched the Global Patient Safety Challenge and signed a pledge to acknowledge India’s commitment to address this problem.
 
In view of above Hospital infection control stands as a major challenge to the Hospital Administrator.

The presentation describes in brief, what is Healthcare -Associated Infection, how it spreads, and how to control it for present and prevent it in future (Also refer WHO Guidelines on Hand Hygine in Healthcare)

video



Tuesday, March 15

EPIDEMIOLOGY QUIZ

Dear Readers,

We discussed about Epidemiology in our privious posts. Now let us take a simple Quiz to test ourselves.




FIND DETAILS AND ANSWERS HERE

Monday, March 14

BMW Management

We will be discussing three topics which are related to epidemiology in contest to hospital. These are ‘BMW’, ‘HIC’ and ‘House Keeping’

Today we will discuss the topic about ‘BMW’.

What is BMW? Not the car, but ‘Bio Medical Waste’!! Bio Medical Waste is the waste which is generated in a hospital or laboratory having the potential of spreading infection.How such waste can be handled and disposed off by a hospital in compliance to ‘BMW Rule’ is called its management.

Hospitals have the potentials of generating a large quantity of such waste on daily basis which needs to be scientifically segregated, collected and disposed off daily to prevent infection.

Therefore, to ensure safety of staff, patient and the environment the Govt. has notified ‘Bio medical waste (‘Management & Handling rule’ 1998), under Environmental protection act 1986.

What is Biomedical waste, there classification how it is segregated, collected and to be disposed off have been presented in short in this presentation of ‘Bio Medical Waste Management’.

video

Friday, March 11

Quiz to test yourself 1 : Hospital Administration Made Easy

Dear Readers,

We have been dissussing many topics on Hospital Administration,Hospital Management, Career in Hospital Administration, Planning, Epidemiology, Epidemics, Health and Disease so far.

Let us now take a small QUIZ to test ourselves:






Answers to this quiz can be obtained easily at this link: FIND YOUR ANSWERS HERE

Thursday, March 10

How to Manage an Epidemic?


In the earlier chapter we discussed about how to investigate an epidemic.

The role of the administrator does not end with the finding the cause of the epidemic.Once the cause is known action should be taken to control it for the present and to prevent it for the future.To control the ensuing epidemic is a team effort of doctors, nurses and paramedics and the population at large.

Therefore the effective management of epidemic depends on the co-operation of individual, family ,  community and the medical fraternity as a whole. The management of epidemic starts with forecasting an ensuing epidemic and getting prepared for it.

It is followed by investing the natural history of disease, causative factor and the mode of spread so that control measures can be accordingly initiated.
Once the epidemic is under control action should be taken how it can be prevented in future.

The present presentation gives you a bird’s eye view of the steps in epidemic management, explaining the above issues.

video




The next blog presentation:‘BMW’


Sunday, March 6

How to Investigate an Epidemic?

In Epidemiology an Epidemic means:-


Epi= means ‘upon or above’ Demos= means ‘people’
Epidemic is defined as ‘sudden and abrupt rise of new cases of a disease in a given population, in a short time, exceeding the expectation as compared to past experience during the same time period.’
Consistent and continued high incidence of a disease in given geographic area is called ‘Endemic'. Sudden rise of incidence of a disease in one or more geographic areas of a country in a fixed period is called ‘Epidemic’.When it spreads from one country to other it is called ‘Pandemic’
A lay person may not be aware of the definition of epidemic but must have experienced its effects how severe it is during epidemic of ‘Dengue’ and ‘Swine Flu’.Under the circumstances all must know how to investigate and control the epidemic.
The presentation below deals with, what are the types of epidemics, what is the importance of investigation and how to proceed step by step to investigate an Epidemic.

video

Wednesday, March 2

CONCEPT OF HEALTH AND DISEASE


Like day and night, Health and Disease are the two sides of the same coin. These are critical concepts in bioethics having far-reaching social and political implications. There has to be some standards that can be used to assess whether people are ill or not.

Concepts of health and disease also connect themselves with environmental issues and theories of well-being.It is very complex to define what is health and disease. When person is well, and when sick. No single factor can decide this. Multiple factors are to be taken in to consideration to define what is health and what is disease.
Health is multidimensional, which explains its criticality, similarly disease is also difficult to define, which has different stages and occurs when there is an interaction between host and disease agent in a suitable environment.

Similarly there are some factors which influence health and certain conditions which are responsible for diseases condition.

Health is multidimensional, when a person is having healthy body, mind, and environment it is called positive health.
If he is sick, weak, bodily and depressed due to environmental and social factors it is called negative health or absence of well-being.

Similarly, Agent ,Host and Environment constitute the ‘Epidemiological triad’. When there is an interaction between the host (human being)

And the agent(Organism responsible for the disease) in a suitable environment, then the disease process starts. It is called as ‘Natural history of disease’.

WHO has defined health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely absence of any disease or infirmity”. 
 
What is health, what is well-being, the factors influencing health, what are dimensions of health and how the disease process starts and how it can be controlled.How can person live a disease free life and how diseases can be prevented?

To get an answer to the above quarries let us go to this simple presentation.
video

Next attraction: EPIDEMICS
Keep reading to know more.

Thank You 


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